Repeat injections of bevacizumab are well tolerated; Bevacizumab reduces DME in the short-term; Unveiling a new clinical entity; Pupil dilation linked to glaucoma progression; Glaucoma scales fail to impress; New glaucoma progression predictors; Central vision loss & trabeculectomy; UK optometrists given prescribing powers; Higher retinal re-attachment success in patients with complete PVD; Every other year screening for retinopathy; A new approach for analysing patient compliance.
Repeat injections of bevacizumab are well tolerated
Repeat intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (off-label Avastin) for diseases such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy (DR), diabetic macular oedema (DME), retinal vein occlusions (RVO) and choroidal neovascularization (CNV) appear to be safe and well tolerated, according to a report published in the August issue of Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology.
The PACORES groups concluded that, although longer follow-up is required, bevacizumab is generally safe and well tolerated during the first year of therapy.
Bevacizumab reduces DME in the short-term
Intravitreal bevacizumab can reduce diabetic macular oedema (DME) in some eyes, but a Phase III trial is required to determine whether the treatment is beneficial in the long-term, according to the results of a study published in the August issue of Ophthalmology.
The Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network conducted a randomized, Phase II clinical trial to assess the short-term effect of intravitreal bevacizumab for DME. A total of 109 subjects with DME and Snellen acuity equivalent ranging from 20/32 to 20/320 were enrolled.
The subjects were randomized into three groups: (A) focal photocoagulation at baseline (n=19); (B) intravitreal injection of 1.25 mg of bevacizumab at baseline and six weeks (n=22); (C) intravitreal injection of 2.5 mg of bevacizumab at baseline and six weeks (n=24); (D) intravitreal injection of 1.25 mg of bevacizumab at baseline and sham injection at six weeks (n=22) or (E) intravitreal injection of 1.25 mg of bevacizumab at baseline and six weeks with photocoagulation at three weeks (n=22).
At baseline, median central subfield thickness (CST) was 411μm and median Snellen visual acuity (VA) equivalent was 20/50. Groups B and C had a greater reduction in CST at three weeks and a one line better median VA over
12 weeks than Group A. A CST reduction >11% was present at three weeks in 36 of 84 (43%) bevacizumab-treated eyes and five of 18 (28%) eyes treated with laser alone and at six weeks in 37% and 50% of eyes, respectively.
Combining focal photocoagulation with bevacizumab resulted in no apparent short-term benefits or adverse outcomes. Endophthalmitis developed in one eye, myocardial infarction in two patients, congestive heart failure in one patient, elevated blood pressure in three patients and worsened renal function in three patients.
The results demonstrate that bevacizumab can be effective in the treatment of DME in the short-term but a Phase III clinical study is required to determine whether it remains so in the long-term.
Unveiling a new clinical entity
Persistent placoid maculopathy has features resembling macular serpiginous choroiditis but differs in its clinical course and effect on visual acuity (VA), according to a study published in the August issue of Ophthalmology.