The diabetes and glaucoma link

October 10, 2006

Women with type 2 diabetes mellitus have an increased risk of developing glaucoma, according to study results published in the July issue of Ophthalmology.

Women with type 2 diabetes mellitus have an increased risk of developing glaucoma, according to study results published in the July issue of Ophthalmology.

Dr Louis Pasquale, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA, and co-workers conducted a prospective, cohort analysis of 76,318 women enrolled in a Nurses Health Study. The women were at least 40 years old and free of glaucoma when the study began in 1980. Participants were monitored until 2000.

After controlling for age, race, hypertension, body mass index, physical activity, alcohol intake, smoking and family history of glaucoma – type 2 diabetes mellitus was positively associated with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). However, this association did not strengthen with longer duration of diabetes.