Wound modulation research focuses on new targets and combination therapy
"Approaches to wound modulation after filtration surgery have not changed much over the past 20 years. However, early studies of new targeted interventions and combination approaches have provided some encouraging results," said Dr Malik Y. Kahook, during glaucoma subspeciality day at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Results of an animal study reported by Sherwood1 provide evidence supporting the concept of using a sequential treatment regimen incorporating multiple novel agents targeting different mediators of wound healing. Also, a pilot clinical trial conducted by Dr Kahook yielded encouraging results about a combination regimen consisting of the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agent, ranibizumab (Lucentis, Genentech) and MMC.2
The two study groups were similar in their preoperative mean IOP and mean bleb scores on the first day after surgery. However, at the end of the 6-month postoperative follow-up, there were statistically significant differences favouring the combination group in three of the grading system categories: peripheral bleb area, peripheral bleb vascularity and non-bleb-related peripheral conjunctiva vascularity. There were no cases of bleb leaks, all patients remained off medications and vision remained stable.
"Ranibizumab also has an antiinflammatory effect, and I was struck by the quiet nature of the eyes that had been treated with this anti-VEGF agent. Now, further studies are needed to validate these early findings and understand better the role of antiVEGF treatment at the time of trabeculectomy," said Dr Kahook, who added that a follow-up trial is under way that includes a third arm in which patients receive only ranibizumab at the conclusion of surgery.