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Several manufacturers are developing femtosecond laser technology as a tool for multiple applications in cataract surgery. Three surgeons, who presented at this year's ESCRS Congress look at its uses and results.
This device, however, also has capabilities for enabling and improving additional surgical manoeuvres, and other manufacturers, including Abbott Medical Optics, LensAR, and OptiMedica, are developing femtosecond lasers for use as multitasking tools in cataract surgery as well.
"For over 40 years since the advent of small-incision phaco by Dr. Charles Kelman many of the important aspects of cataract surgery have been performed manually with the possibility of imprecision and even complications," said Dr. William W. Culbertson, at this year's ESCRS Congress. "In recent years, engineers, scientists, physicists, and ophthalmologists have been collaborating to develop the femtosecond laser to improve these steps.
He presented experience performing capsulorhexis, nuclear segmentation, and nuclear softening using a femtosecond laser that is being developed by OptiMedica. The information was from a feasibility study performed in collaboration with Juan Batlle, MD, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, and done using a prototype device.
For the study with the femtosecond laser in development by OptiMedica, proprietary treatment-planning software allowed the surgeon to design the capsulotomy diameter and the depth and pattern of nuclear segmentation. Then, real-time optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used for guidance at the time of the procedure. The study population comprised 20 sighted human eyes with grade 2 to 4 nuclear cataracts and no anterior segment pathology.
The laser was used to create 5 mm, 5.5 mm and 6 mm capsulotomies and to perform four-quadrant nuclear segmentation and four-quadrant nuclear softening on harder lenses. In all eyes, the capsulorhexis was within 0.1 mm of the intended size, Dr. Culbertson said.
"The capsulotomy edge was without defects and smooth, very similar to what we would see in a manually created capsulorhexis," he said. The four-quadrant nuclear segmentations were performed with predetermined diameters ranging from 4.5mm to 6 mm and by cutting from the bottom up. Initially they were started at 80% nuclear depth, but as confidence increased, the depth was increased to 90%, leaving a 500-μm lens cushion.