Cataract remains the most common causes of blindness worldwide, followed by uncorrected refractive error, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cornea-related diseases, trachoma and diabetic retinopathy, researchers believe.
The second-generation Malyugin ring is a versatile pupil expansion ring with high efficacy in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. Professor Boris Malyugin notes its advantages, having used it on a variety of classically difficult eyes and in complicated surgical cases.
Professor Gerd U. Auffarth and collegues have found that ophthalmic viscoelastic devices that combine both dispersive and cohesive properties, so that they can be used in sequence and at the appropriate phases of cataract surgery, can result in decreased complications, low adverse events, improved visibility and good space management.
Diabetes doubles the risk of cataract in the general population, with an even greater increased risk among people aged under 70, according to researchers.
As another year comes to an end, five members of Ophthalmology Times Europe’s Editorial Advisory Board reflect and share their perspectives on the exciting opportunities that lie ahead for ophthalmologists in 2018, whilst also considering the potential challenges.
A combination of a topical corticosteroid and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) is more effective than either one alone in reducing the risk of cystoid macular oedema (CME) after cataract surgery in nondiabetic patients, researchers say.
One source of error in IOL power calculation is the use of the classical keratometric approach for the characterisation of the corneal optics. This approach is based on the assumption of only one corneal surface and a fictitious index of refraction (keratometric index, nk) for obtaining an estimation of the corneal power (Pk).
Every ophthalmologist requires precise surgical tools with which he or she can perform surgery safely and accurately in order to ensure optimal outcomes. The availability of high-quality microsurgical instruments has increased over the past decade with manufacturers continually modifying and optimising existing instruments.
As the most common procedure performed by the ophthalmic surgeon, in 2014, 4.3 million cataract operations took place in the European Union Member States. It is estimated that more than 23 million procedures will be performed worldwide in 2016.
Posterior chamber phakic IOLs can correct refractive errors associated with keratoconus and can also be combined with other surgical techniques when necessary, according to researchers.